Expansion and Reform

Railroad Fare

South Carolina Railroad Fare. Wikimedia Commons. 22 November 2014.

Learn more about the plantation system, politics, and culture of antebellum South Carolina.


  • Sarah Grimke
    Sarah and her sister became active abolitionists who spoke out against slavery.
  • Andrew Jackson
    Born in Lancaster County, Andrew Jackson became our 7th president.
  • John C. Calhoun
    Find out more about John C. Calhoun, a politician and vice-president from present-day McCormick County.
  • The Brooks-Sumner Affair
    What led a House of Representatives member from South Carolina to brutally beat a Senator with his cane?


See also the section on Slavery for more information about slavery and the plantation system.




transportation map
Excerpt of 1833 South Carolina transportation map showing 136 mile route of rail road from Charleston to Hamburg, built and operated by the South Carolina Canal and Rail Road Company. Image courtesy of the Library of Congress.


  • War of 1812
    South Carolina provided at least 5,000 soldiers to the war effort, along with thousands of dollars for self-defense and coastal defenses.
  • War of 1812 and and the Battle of New Orleans
    Major General Andrew Jackson led the American forces, who defeated the British in the final major battle of the War of 1812.  
  • The Mexican War
    The Mexican War was fought from 1846-48 and many of the soldiers became leaders and generals in the Civil War.
  • South Carolina in the Mexican War
    Learn more about the Palmetto Regiment that fought in Mexico. The first flag to fly over Mexico City was the regimental flag of the Palmetto Regiment.