Slavery in South Carolina originally existed along the coastal area. Slaves were needed to work the large plantations in the area, and they were brought to South Carolina on ships from the West Indies. Those ships docked largely in the Charleston area, but other coastal cities had docking sites for slaves as well. Slaves were not brought in large numbers to the Upcountry region until the mid-1850s. Most farmers in the Upcountry did not need a lot of slaves because they did not have large farms like the Lowcountry plantation owners did. However, as farming techniques advanced, some farmers began to invest in slaves, and by 1850 many counties in South Carolina had reached a slave population of fifty percent of the overall number of people living in the county.
South Carolina Geographic Alliance
Lesson Plan Document(s)
One 50-minute class periods