Civil War Weapons

Civil War field artillery was organized in batteries. Although it varied from time to time, a battery in the Union army consisted of six of the same kind of cannons. In Confederate service a battery was normally only four guns and unfortunately for supply officers may have consisted of two or three different kinds of weapons. United States regulations prescribed a captain as a battery commander. Lieutenants commanded two gun sections in battle. A battery would have had a left and right and possibly a center section. One gun and caisson with limbers made up a platoon under a sergeant and two corporals. The sergeant was the "chief of the piece" and often the gunner. A gun crew consisted of the gunner and seven artillerymen who were assigned numbers for servicing the cannon. In light artillery batteries, cannoneers marched beside the weapon or sat on ammunition chests. Officers, sergeants, buglers, and guidonbearers rode horses. A full strength battery exceeded 100 officers and men. A limber in the Union army was drawn by six horses and due to the lack of horses, Confederate limbers used four horses. 

Organization Affiliation
Fort Sumter National Monument
Time
2- 30 minute class periods
Lesson Plan Subjects