Cannon Street All-Stars: Making Their Mark in History

Property: Harmon Field, 201 President Street, Charleston, 29403 

Historic Content 

Although the U.S. Supreme Court ruled in the class action lawsuit Brown v. Board of Education (1954) that segregation of public schools was unconstitutional, states were slow to implement change. The Cannon Street YMCA had four teams that were sponsored by black-owned businesses and civic organizations in the community. Their home base was Harmon Field in downtown Charleston. Just over a year after the Brown v. Board decision, the president and coaches of the Cannon Street YMCA league decided to register the first African American Little League team to compete in the Charleston Little League baseball tournament. The 12-year-old boys were prepared to compete. However, the tournament was cancelled because the all-white teams refused to play against them. 

Student Learning Objectives: 

1. Summarize the details of the events surrounding the Cannon Street All-Stars and their attempt to integrate Little League Baseball. 

2. Improvise scenes that capture the thoughts and feelings of individuals impacted by segregation and integration in the mid-19th century. 

Author
Dr. LeConte Richardson Middleton
Organization Affiliation
South Carolina African American Heritage Foundation & Richland School District One, TriDrama!
Time
Two 50-minute periods
Grade Level
Lesson Plan Subjects