World War I and the Jazz Age

Statue of Dizzy Gillespie playing his trumpet in downtown Cheraw, SC.

Statue of Dizzy Gillespie in Cheraw, SC, home of the South Carolina Jazz Festival. Image courtesy of SCPRT.

From hometown soldiers and nurses to Camp Sevier in Greenville, South Carolina was deeply invested in World War I.

Life in the Military

People

  • Mary McLeod Bethune
    Mary McLeod Bethune was an educator and civil rights leader who was born in Mayesville, SC.
  • Ambrose E. Gonzales
    Ambrose Gonzales and his brother founded The State newspaper in 1891.
  • Ernest Everett Just
    Ernest Just was a renowned African-American scientist from Charleston, SC.
  • John Gardiner Richards, Jr.
    John Richards was the governor of South Carolina from 1926-1931.
  • Freddie Stowers
    Freddie Stowers was a member of the 371st Infantry Regiment who was posthumously awarded a Congressional Medal of Honor.

Culture

Photographs from Around the State

  • Michael Francis Blake Photographs, 1912-1934
    Michael Francis Blake owned one of the first African-American photography studios in Charleston.
  • The Curb Market in Columbia, ca. 1928
    See a photograph of a curb-side market on Assembly Street in Columbia. Does it look similar to today's flea markets?
  • E.E. Burson Photograph Collection
    E. E. Burson worked as a photographer in Denmark, South Carolina, and the surrounding areas of Bamberg County approximately between the years of 1905 and 1920. Burson not only worked in his Denmark studio, but he also photographed town scenes and nearby Voorhees College.

Boll Weevil

boll weevilBoll Weevil. Division of Plant Industry Archive, Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services, Bugwood.org. 

The boll weevil entered South Carolina in 1918, and by the mid 1920s, the pest was devastating to the cotton crops. The boll weevil was not successfully eradicated in the state until the mid 1980s.