Medical science was just beginning to be understood at the onset of the Civil War. Germs were unheard of, and surgery techniques had not been improved since the early 1800's. Hospitals were rarely used since most sicknesses was treated at home. Medicines were primitive and in many cases prescribed on an experimental basis. The most common diseases were typhoid, typhus, measles, mumps, smallpox, and malaria. The main causes for so many deaths from disease were due to poor diet, hygiene, and sanitation.
Fort Sumter National Monument
Lesson Plan Document(s)
Each program takes about 1 hour.
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