Cotton boll, nearly ready for harvest, in Richland County, South Carolina. (25 November 2014) Wikimedia Commons. Retrieved 1 Dec 2017.
Learn more about the plantation system, politics, and culture of antebellum South Carolina.
- Whitney Cotton Gin
Patented in 1794, the cotton gin made it possible for separating seeds from cotton bolls much easier.
- Plantation Day Book, 1857
This journal page records how much cotton each slaved picked in a given day on a plantation in the Pee Dee region.
- Cotton and South Carolina
After the Revolutionary War, the Southern states became dependent on growing cotton.
- Lexington County Museum
Explore the John Fox Farm in Lexington to learn more about Antebellum farm life.
- Lexington County Courthouse
Watch the videos to discover the history of the Lexington County Courthouses; the first was built in 1820.
- Edgefield Pottery
The Edgefield region of South Carolina was known for making stoneware pottery.
- The Cultural Landscape of the Plantation
Read the words of former slaves as they tell about slave life on plantations.
Maps & Transportation
- "A New Map of South Carolina..." 1849
This map of South Carolina shows canals, steamboat routes, and railroads that people used to travel and transport cotton and goods.
- Antebellum Maps
Look at lots of maps from around the state to see where people lived and gathered.
- Landsford Canal
Landsford Canal was a canal built in 1823 so boats could travel inland from Charleston.
- Lock Keeper’s House
See the remains of the house the lock keeper would have stayed in downstream of the Landsford Canal.
- Lock Keeper’s House
|The Robert Mills House in Columbia, SC, designed in 1823. Image courtesy of the Historic Columbia Foundation.|
- John C. Calhoun
John C. Calhoun was a national politician from South Carolina who became vice president, serving with President John Quincy Adams.
- James Gadsden
Learn more about James Gadsden, the minister to Mexico who was the namesake of the Gadsden Purchase.
- Andrew Jackson
North and South Carolina have a friendly fight over who can claim to be the birth state of the 7th president.
- Robert Mills
Robert Mills was one of the first Americans to become a professional architect. He designed many buildings in South Carolina including private homes, court houses, and the University of South Carolina campus. Mills also designed the Washington Monument in Washington, D.C.