Three sweepers in Clifton Mills in Clifton, SC. Image courtesy of the Library of Congress.

Industry came to South Carolina as entire families worked in the textile mills and factories in the Upstate.

Mill Life

Child Labor in the Mills

A Changing State

Photographs and Video from Around the State

1886 Charleston Earthquake

The Charleston Earthquake of 1886 occurred at 9:50 p.m. on August 31, 1886, and lasted just under a minute. The earthquake damaged 2,000 buildings, causing $6 million worth in damages. Between 60 and 110 lives were lost.

African American Education

Race Relations

  • Lake City Lynching
    In 1898, the African American postmaster in Lake City and his infant daughter were killed by a white mob. There was a significant amount of press and a federal trial, but none were found guilty of the murders.
  • Voting Then, Voting Now
    Learn more about the ways African Americans were prevented from voting in the South and do the "Try to Vote" activity to see if you could navigated the system to cast your ballot.