Exploration and Colonization

Carolina colony map

A New Description of Carolina: A 1676 map of the Carolina colony. Wikimedia Commons.

Discover French, Spanish, and British colonies along the coast and find out how colonists explored, settled, and lived.

Primary Documents

People & Places



paintingPolly Ouldfield of Winyah, ca. 1761 by Jeremiah Theus, a Swiss-born painter who moved to South Carolina around 1735. Image from the Smithsonian American Art Museum.