History before 1865 - Middle School

Civil War

Ruins of Columbia, SC

From the Battle of Fort Sumter to Sherman’s March and Robert Smalls, South Carolina played a significant role in the American Civil War.

Expansion and Reform

Phoenix Fire Company

Learn more about the plantation system, politics, and culture of antebellum South Carolina.

Exploration and Colonization


Discover French, Spanish, and British colonies along the coast and find out how colonists explored, settled, and lived.


Come learn more about the French and Spanish Colonial landmarks on what is now Parris Island. This island has been home to Charlesfort (1562-1563) and Santa Elena (1566-1587) as well as Native American settlements and British plantations.

First South Carolinians

Native Americans Making Canoes

Meet the Native Americans who first called South Carolina home.

Revolution and New Nation

Henry Laurens

Soldiers, leaders, and statesmen from South Carolina were pivotal in our nation’s fight for independence.


Slave cabin

The cash crop economy of South Carolina relied on the slavery of African-Americans.